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Authors: Миронов, О. Г.
Other Titles: Trends and results of investigations made by the Marine Sanitary Hydrobiology Department
Issue Date: 1996
Publisher: Севастополь: ЭКОСИ-Гидрофизика
Language (ISO): Russian
Issue number: 45
Pages: 85-92
Abstract: Тридцатилетние работы отдела морской санитаркой гидробиологии позволили получить данные по влиянию нефти и нефтепродуктов на массовые виды гидробионтов Черного моря и выявить устойчивость их к токсиканту; определить закономерности распространения, численность, видовой состав и биохимические особенности нефтеокисляющих микроорганизмов в Мировом океане и установить степень накопления углеводородов морскими гидробионтами. Полученные результаты легли в основу практических разработок различных вариантов системы гидробиологической очистки загрязненных морских вод и санации прибрежных акваторий.
Description: Scientific trends in marine sanitary hydrobiological researches are interactions of marine organisms and their communities with pollutions as a part in a common nature processes of substance transformation and energy transport in marine environment. Knowledge of a marine biota role in these processes opens the possibility to use marine organisms and their communities expediently in anti-pollution struggle, particular, biotesting, biomonitoring and developing hydrobiological cleaning systems for polluted sea waters. 30-year investigations of the Marine Sanitary Hydrobiology Department allowed to obtain data on influence of oil and oil products on mass Black Sea organisms and to identify their various susceptibility to a toxicant, regularities in number, species composition, distribution, biochemical peculiarities of oil-oxidizing microorganisms, hydrocarbon accumulation by marine hydrobionts at moderate, tropical and. polar latitudes of the World Ocean. The obtained materials were used in the International Project on Biomonitoring of the Mediterranean Basin's Oil Pollution, for elaborating methods and putting into practice different seawater hydrobiological cleaning systems to sanitate the water area. In future a common study direction 'interaction" will remain. But test geography will be narrowed significantly — mainly investigations will be run at the Azov Sea and Crimean Shelf zone. Microbiological studies will be wider due to studies of the smallest forms of bacterioplankton relating to viruses and phagues. Studies on benthos communities and their relations with bottom sediments and their physico-chemical content will be not finished either. In a sanitary—biological aspect meiobenthos will be considered as an intermediate between bacteriobenthos and macrozoobenthos. Also toxicological investigations will be continued, but the number of biological objects will be restricted by those species which are of interest as elements for the seawater hydrobiological cleaning systems or elements for pollution biotesting.
Appears in Collections:Экология моря. - 1996. - Вып. 45.

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